Product Code: PKRK026

Chikungunya virus is a mosquito-transmitted alpha virus belonging to the Togaviridae family, first isolated in Tanzania in 1952. Three lineages with distinct genotypic and antigenic characteristics have been identified. Chikungunya virus is endemic to some parts of Africa and causes recurrent epidemic waves in Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Human beings serve as the main Chikungunya virus reservoir during epidemic periods. In Africa, some animals constitute the virus reservoir during non-epidemic periods sustaining virus circulation. Clinical signs of Chikungunya virus infection include sudden onset fever and severe arthralgia (joint pain) affecting mainly the extremities but also the larger joints. Erratic, relapsing, and incapacitating joint pain is the hallmark of Chikungunya virus. Up to 12% of patients still have chronic joint pain three years after the onset of their illness. Other symptoms of the infection (headache, fatigue and rash) are common among many arboviral infections including Chikungunya virus. There is no specific therapy for Chikungunya virus infection. Patients are symptomatically treated with anti-inflammatory medication. The death rate is not high, but excess mortality has been observed occurring together with larger Chikungunya virus outbreaks. Diagnosis is based on the detection of virus by molecular methods or by virus culture in the first days of infection before an antibody response is evident. IgM anti-ChikV is detectable two to three days at the onset of symptoms and persists for several weeks up to three months. Chikungunya virus specific IgG appears soon after IgM antibodies and persist for years. Simple Chikungunya IgG/IgM is a new generation rapid Immuno-chromatographic test using recombinant chikungunya viral antigens of both wild type and mutant type to detect specific antibody response.

Product Description:

SIMPLE Chikungunya IgG/IgM Rapid Test is a rapid immunochromatographic assay for the simultaneous detection of IgG and IgM antibodies to Chikungunya virus in human whole blood, serum or plasma. The assay is used as a screening test for Chikungunya viral infection.

Storage:

All reagents are ready to use as supplied. Store unused test devices unopened at 2-40°C. If stored at 2-8°C, ensure that the test device is brought to room temperature (15-30°C) before opening. The test device is stable through the expiration date printed on the pouch. Do not freeze or expose the kit to temperatures above 40°C.

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